Lecture Seminar Series

AMN Seminar Series: Microstructure and Surface Conditioning Related In vitro / In Vivo Performance of Zirconia Dental Ceramics

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You are invited to the CEITEC Seminar Series aimed at Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology. The main goal of this series is to directly convey the knowledge on the-state-of-the-art achievements and directions in this field to researchers via talks of top-scientists from renowned institutions worldwide. This should raise awareness of the latest trends and promote cooperation among scientists from all relevant CEITEC institutions leading to excellent research. 

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There have been profound advances in the application of zirconia dental ceramics in restorative dentistry establishing it as material of choice for tooth-colored, all-ceramic systems suitable for crowns and bridges, root posts and implants. The success of the first generation zirconia, i.e., 3Y-TZP, lies in the ability to exert stress-induced (t-m) transformation toughening mechanism. However, the 3Y-TZP`s tetragonal phase metastability has a detrimental side since allowing spontaneous low-temperature degradation (LTD) or ageing of ceramics. Recently, new generations of high-translucent zirconia grades with superior aesthetics were launched to comply with the full-contour monolithic paradigm cancelling out the veneer overlaying. However, the increase in yttria content (i.e. 4 to 5 mol.%) leads to partially stabilized tetragonal crystal lattice, which in turn increases translucency and resistance towards LTD at the expense of decreased mechanical strength since the t-m transformation is restrained.

The present lecture will report on some translational research progress showing how this diverse microstructure-property relationship of the yttrium-doped dental zirconia family can govern its performance in vitro as well as in vivo, determining suitable processing methods and laboratory procedures, such as airborne-particle abrasion (APA) and regeneration firing, which all can have pronounced effect on the mechanical strength and reliability. Finally, the prospects and challenges of entering the field of additive manufacturing workflow for dental zirconia will be discussed with the ultimate goal of enabling the fabrication of custom-made prosthetic options with improved functional (aesthetics) and structural (strength, toughness) properties. In order to succeed, an alternative manufacturing and sintering workflow enabling fabrication of multimaterial defect- and stress-free nanoscale microstructures needs to be established.


13. 9. 2022, 13:00
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Prof. Dr. Andraž Kocjan
Prof. Dr. Andraž Kocjan


CEITEC Vysoké učení technické v Brně, Purkyňova 123, Large meeting room
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