• Speaker: Prof. ROBERT LISKA
  • Institution: Institute of Applied Synthetic Chemistry, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9/163/MC, 1060 Vienna, Austria,
  • Date: 21.6. 2017
  • Place: CEITEC Brno University of Technology


UV curing of photopolymerizable formulations has been used for more than a half century for
protective and decorative coatings of paper, wood, metals or plastics. Advantages can for sure
been found in the high curing speed that allows the conversion of typically (meth)acrylate-based
monomers within the fraction of a second. Furthermore, a large variety of monomers is
commercially available so that the mechanical properties and other polymer characteristics can be
easily tuned.
In the last decade there has been a strong demand for the curing of thicker layers or even
to print arbitrarily shaped 3D cellular structures out of these materials. Especially in the field of
dental filling materials curing of the filled cavity with a single initial light flash is desired to save
precious time. Therefore, frontal polymerization is a hot topic that is still not satisfactorily solved.
Herein we present a new concept for functional peroxides that show good storage stability but
also give surprisingly good frontal polymerization.
If one wants to have arbitrarily shaped 3D cellular structures, additive manufacturing
technology (AMT), also called Rapid Prototyping, is the method of choice. Different setups are
commercially available that allow the printing of photopolymerizable formulations from a simple
CAD model. Laser or DLP (Digital light processing) based systems fabricate polymer parts with a
feature resolution of about 10 μm. In recent days not only prototypes are of interest, also small
number of individual parts that can be used in the automotive industry or for medical applications
are important. Especially in the latter case monomers and polymers with low toxicity should be
used. Vinylcarbonates represent a new and interesting class of photopolymers with exceptionally
low cytotoxicity and suitable photoreactivity. Degradation can be easily tuned giving non-toxic
low molecular polyvinyl alcohol as degradation product and various non-toxic alcohols such as
glycerol or polyethylene glycol. In vivo experiments demonstrated excellent biocompatibility.
Furthermore, a thiol-ene system was used to tune the polymer architecture to achieve elastomerlike
properties with low brittleness that can be printed by AMT and are suitable as vascular grafts.
Two photon photopolymerization (TPP) is another rapid prototyping technique that allows
a real 3D writing process with feature resolutions of about 200 nm. Using suitable monomers and
photoinitiators we were able to write with a femtosecond pulsed laser in the presence of tissue
(Caenorhabditis elegans) without harming them.

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