RNA Quality Control - Štěpánka Vaňáčová

ncbr.muni.cz/~vanacova


Management

Štěpánka Vaňáčová, Ph.D. Štěpánka Vaňáčová, Ph.D.
Research Group Leader
Leona Kledrowetzová Leona Kledrowetzová
Laboratory Technician

Research areas

  • Mechanisms of nuclear RNA surveillance and degradation
  • Mechanisms and function of noncanonical polyadenylation
  • RNA uridylation and nucleotide modification

Main objectives

  • Investigation of the role of RNA in development and human diseases
  • Biochemical and structural characterization of RNA in eukaryotic cells

Content of research

RNA is essential for cell survival. It is not only a messenger between the genomes and proteomes but also carries out or participates in many functions such as RNA processing and protein translation, acting as structural scaffolds, transporters, gene regulators and biocatalysts. Eukaryotic cells produce diverse types of RNAs. Most, if not all, are synthesized in a form of a precursor that needs to be post-transcriptionally processed and/or modified in order to form mature functional molecules. To assure that only properly formed, processed and modified RNAs are maintained in the cell, eukaryotes posses RNA quality mechanisms to recognize and efficiently remove aberrant molecules.

We aim to clarify molecular mechanisms underlying RNA surveillance and degradation in eukaryotic cells through the investigation of the detailed biochemical principles of RNA recognition, processing and degradation. We are primarily studying mechanisms and functions of posttranscriptional modifications, such as internal base chemical modifications and 3' end tailing of coding and noncoding RNAs in yeast and mammalian cells.


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